While searching through the LAC-BAC catalogue for information relating to Maniwaki, I discovered a series of letters that were written by the Indian Agent, Charles Logue, about the smallpox outbreak that broke out in Maniwaki, Quebec between 1880 and 1885. Previously while researching, I found out that my husband’s great grandfather had 4 children that died between this time period, sometimes within the same month at varying ages. I believe that is could be what contributed to their deaths.
I have transcribed (to the best of my ability) the first letter that was sent to the Department of Indian Affairs. This collection has 55 items that I will be posting as I transcribe them.
Maniwaki 10 Aug 80
Department of Indian Affairs
August 13 1880
I beg to inform you that
The small pox has broken
out amongst the Indians of
my agency. Ten or twelve have
already died. There were three
interments yesterday and one
today. The Tete de Boule’s and
many of the River Desert Indians
became terror stricken and cleared
off to the woods. The epidemic
is not spreading very fast and
if I can get the Indians to
exercise even ordinary cautions
which is very difficult. I think
the disease will soon be checked.
The greater number of those
who died were Tete de Boule’s.
No application has yet been
made to me for medical aid.
Several white families have
also caught the disease but very
few deaths has yet occured
amongst them. _______ is become more
alarming I will repost to you,
I have the honour
To be Sir
Your obedient Servant
The ________ General
Of Indian affairs
[Written sideways along left margin] [Ripped and torn]
______ _______ receipt ________ ask Mr. Logue when
reporting _______ [further?] on this matter (_____)
in the event of the spread of the disease
to be good enough to suggest to the Dept the
_______ _______ in his judgement, it will be
_______ to take _______ the _______ of _______
Charles Logue (Maniwaki, Quebec) to Department of Indian Affairs, Letter, 10 Aug 1880; digital images, Government of Canada, “Red Series – Maniwaki Reserve – Outbreak of Smallpox,” Library and Archives Canada (collectionscanada.gc.ca : accessed 21 MAY 2017)
Thanks for reading!